Effects Of HIV Infection And Its Treatment
Effects of HIV/AIDS on Body
AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus which attacks the immune system in human body directly. The virus keeps on damaging the immune system slowly as time passes by. The pace at which the damage to the immune system is proceeding varies from patient to patient. If no treatment is being taken then the patients of HIV reach the stage of AIDS soon enough which is the last stage of HIV.
At this stage HIV is at its greatest level and the damage to the body is being done at the highest possible rate. Due to a weakened immune system the affected body gets vulnerable to numerous diseases. At this stage a patient may suffer from the following effects:
- Flu like symptoms
- Aches at various body parts
- Swollen glands
- Cough and respiratory infection
- Joint pains
- Mouth ulcers
- Kidney infection
- Anxiety and depression
- Body balancing issues
- Strain on heart and lungs
The basic aim of the HIV infection is weaken the immune system by destroying the CD4+ cells which are a type of T cells. These cells are responsible for fighting off the microbes entering in the body which ultimately prevents various diseases and infections occurring to the body.
This virus keeps on multiplying at an enormous and ever increasing rate if no treatment is being taken. Most of the opportunistic infections and diseases occurring due to HIV/AIDS are preventable by consuming antiretroviral therapies and medications at an early stage of the infection.
Effects of HIV/AIDS Treatment
As time passes by it is very much possible that a patient may suffer some side effects of the treatment they are taking in order to treat their HIV infection. It is often found difficult to identify whether the side effects are being caused by virus itself or by the treatment they are taking to treat the virus.
The effects that are caused by the virus itself are often life threatening however the effects caused by its treatment may be mild or dangerous or even life threatening. Various effects caused by the anti-HIV treatment and medications are:
- Decrease in bone density
- Insulin Resistance
- Severe Headaches
- Lip dystrophy
One of the most common side effects that are experienced by HIV patients is the way the fats and sugars are dealt by their body. This may lead to diabetes or heart problems in patients but the cases are pretty rare. Side effects that occur to HIV patients vary from case to case. Side effects depend upon the type of medications that are being taken, patient’s medical history, age, stage of HIV etc. Most of the side effects occurring due to anti-HIV treatment are curable by taking correct medicines and by changing the type of medication that is being taken to treat HIV.